Global Security, October, 2009
Iraq’s security situation has improved since the peak of sectarian violence in 2006 and 2007. Some level of insecurity persists in parts of the country, and preventing militant attacks and outbreaks of violence continues to be a challenge for Iraqi security forces. This report, co-authored by CIGI and the Stimson Center in Washington, DC, focuses on the issues of Iraq ensuring its security and creating a national security agenda.
Iraq has always been a multi-ethnic and multicultural society, home to many minority and micro-minority communities that have existed for thousands of years, even if the former regime focused on Iraq’s unity as an Arab country with Sunni Arabs and the Ba’ath Party as the dominant political actor. Since the war began in 2003, the vitality of this cultural, religious and social mosaic has been under threat.