CIGI Papers, January, 2011
The referendum vote on self-determination held this month in Southern Sudan marks an important step toward political stability and development in a country historically marred by war and confrontation between the north and the south. The fourth edition of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan discusses the tensions that existed among various factions before the April 2010 election and considers the potential for violence during and after the January referendum. This Monitor answers questions regarding the future of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement, examines possible new political alliances between the north and Southern Sudan, and considers the possibility for ethnic violence against Southern Sudanese living in the north if the south secedes.
The Security Sector Reform Monitor is a quarterly publication that tracks developments and trends in the ongoing security sector reform (SSR) processes of five countries: Afghanistan, Burundi, East Timor, Haiti and South Sudan. Every quarter, there will be separate editions for each case study country. Adopting a holistic definition of the security sector, the Monitor will cover a wide range of actors, topics and themes, from reforms in the rule of law institutions and armed forces to demilitarization activities and the role of non-statutory security and justice actors.
The fourth edition of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Timor-Leste discusses the negative impact presidential pardons have had on the development of the justice system, the broader security sector and the country’s future stability.
The formal justice system in Timor-Leste, a key component in rebuilding the country’s security sector, is still in a developing state. It continues to face numerous challenges — unequal access to the formal justice system, a continuing reliance on traditional justice mechanisms in some communities, problems with judicial training and language issues. The ongoing backlog of prosecution cases has contributed to public distrust of the formal justice system and affected police credibility. The third edition of the Security Sector Reform: Timor-Leste examines the justice sector’s development and progress, and considers its future — the consensus being that serious issues remain to be resolved.