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Infrastructure and Sustainable Development Goals in the BRICS-Led New Development Bank

July 21, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 46
The presidents and foreign ministers of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries met in Fortaleza, Brazil on July 15 and signed a formal agreement to create the BRICS-led bank called the New Development Bank (NDB). The NDB will focus its lending on infrastructure and sustainable development projects; however, these two priorities are at least partially incompatible.

The African Union and the Post-2015 Development Agenda

July 17, 2014
Policy Brief No. 45
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which have guided African development priorities for the last 14 years, are being transitioned into a post-2015 framework with which the next stage in African development will be determined. This brief examines the African Union's recent Common African Position (CAP) on the post-2015 development agenda and compares this document to other publications that detail possible post-2015 development goals.

African Climate Change Negotiators Need a New Strategy

July 9, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 44
There is currently little prospect of a successful international agreement resulting in effective, legally binding emission targets and significant “new and additional finance transfers” to developing countries; however, there is room for Africa to formulate an effective strategy in climate change negotiations.

National Ownership and Post-Conflict Peace Building: From Principle to Practice

June 27, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 43
An important component of peace building in post-conflict areas is to determine who has national ownership, or the ultimate authority for setting and implementing policy priorities. While national ownership is now entrenched as a core tenet of UN engagement with fragile and war-affected states, what is less clear is how national ownership principles should be operationalized. This brief examines the conceptual issues and challenges that up until now have stood in the way of effectively putting national ownership principles into practice in actual peace-building situations, as well as to highlight emerging lessons and good practices with regard to respecting and facilitating national ownership.

The Politics of the "Unfinished Business": Bosnian Police Reform

June 13, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 42
Branka Marijan and Dejan Guzina
Police reaction to recent protests in Bosnia has called attention to the stalled police reform. This brief provides a historical overview detailing the evolution of police structures and the reform attempts and provides recommendations for long-term effective police reform.

IMF Lending Practices and Sovereign Debt Restructuring

June 9, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 41
The IMF has worked to develop a set of lending practices that enable sovereign borrowers to resolve serious debt problems and restore economic growth, but also respect the right of private financial markets to enter into and enforce contractual obligations.

The Northwest Territories and Arctic Maritime Development in the Beaufort Area

May 26, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 40
John Higginbotham and Marina Grosu
The Arctic is facing remarkable climatic and oceanic change that is triggering unprecedented opportunities and challenges for Arctic nations, as well as for countries that do not have Arctic territory but are eager to engage and invest in the region. For Canada and the United States, the Beaufort basin offers unique opportunities for Alaska and Canada’s Arctic territories.

The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Monitoring and Realizing Indigenous Rights in Canada

April 28, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 39
Terry Mitchell and Charis Enns
Indigenous peoples in almost all countries experience a lack of recognition of their fundamental political and human rights; globally, they share the worst measures on all indicators of health, education, and social and political participation.

China's Long March Toward Economic Rebalancing

April 1, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 38
After more than three decades of sustained economic growth, China has become the second-largest economy in the world. Chinese policies and behaviour have come to shape the global economy in profound ways and what China does, or does not do, at home and abroad often has broad implications for the rest of the world.

The IMF’s Preferred Creditor Status: Does It Still Make Sense After the Euro Crisis?

March 20, 2014
CIGI Policy Brief No. 37
Throughout the history of IMF lending, the institution has had preferred creditor status (PCS) — that is, distressed countries borrowing from the IMF are expected to give priority to meeting their obligations to the IMF over those to other (private or official) creditors.