Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Minister of Foreign Affairs Chrystia Freeland walk to a press conference on the USMCA trade deal

On September 30, 2018, following more than one year of efforts to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), an agreement in principle for the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) was created. 

Experts from the Centre for International Governance Innovation have been making sense of the issues since the negotiations began on August 16, 2017. From NAFTA to the USMCA, explore the latest commentary and analysis from our experts and contributors.

Featured experts:

Patrick Leblond: Senior fellow and expert in international free trade and Canada-United States relations. Expertise in the TPP, why Chapter 19 is vital and digital trade.

Hugo Perezcano Diaz:  Deputy director, economic law. Former original NAFTA negotiator for Mexico and lead counsel for Mexico on investor-state dispute settlement cases under NAFTA and the World Trade Organization for 22 years. 

Meredith Lilly: Senior fellow and expert in international trade policy. Former foreign affairs and international trade adviser to the prime minister of Canada from 2013 to 2015. 

Richard Gold: Senior fellow with CIGI's International Law Research Program and expert in innovation policy and intellectual property.

Jeff Rubin: Senior fellow and expert in US trade. Special interest in the auto chapter. A former chief strategist at CIBC World Markets. 

Dan Ciuriak: Senior fellow and expert in innovation, international trade and digital trade. Former chief economist to Canada’s foreign affairs department. 

Please direct all media requests to [email protected].

Photo by Justin Tang/The Canadian Press via AP

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Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland, Mexico's Secretary of Economy Ildefonso Guajardo Villarreal and US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, take part in a press conference during an early round of NAFTA renegotiation in September 2017. (AP Photo/Marco Ugarte)

Intellectual Property Chapter of USMCA Proves Canada’s Pragmatism

Canada's Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland at the office of the United States Trade Representative on August 29, 2018, during trade talks in Washington. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

What Role for Trade Deals in an Era of Digital Transformation?

United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and Mexican Secretary of Economy Idelfonso Guajardo walk to the White House on August 27, 2018. (AP Photo/Luis Alonso Lugo)

The USMCA Could Strengthen Mexico's Hand on Trade


USMCA Falls Short on Pledge to Keep Auto Jobs at Home

Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland speaks to the media outside the Office Of The United States Trade Representative in Washington on September 20, 2018. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

What Does the USMCA Mean for Canadian Trade?

Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland arrives at the Office of the United States Trade Representative on September 19, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

With No ‘Good’ NAFTA Deal in Sight, Canada Should Take the ‘Good Enough’ Deal


Photo of Kevin Carmichael

Kevin Carmichael

CIGI Senior Fellow

Kevin Carmichael is a senior fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation and the national business columnist at the Financial Post.

Photo of Armand de Mestral C.M.

Armand de Mestral

CIGI Senior Fellow

Armand de Mestral has been a CIGI senior fellow since 2014. An expert in international economic law, Armand is professor emeritus and Jean Monnet Chair in the Law of International Economic Integration at McGill University.

Photo of Hugo Perezcano Díaz

Hugo Perezcano Díaz

Former Deputy Director, International Economic Law

Hugo Perezcano Díaz was the deputy director of International Economic Law at CIGI.

Photo of Patrick Leblond

Patrick Leblond

CIGI Senior Fellow

Patrick Leblond is a CIGI senior fellow. He is an expert in global economic governance and international political economy, regional economic integration, financial regulation, and business and public policy. At CIGI, Patrick specializes in the investigation of international trade in the areas of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. 

Photo of David A. Gantz

David A. Gantz

CIGI Senior Fellow

David A. Gantz is a CIGI senior fellow who contributes to projects relating to contemporary trade and investment legal and policy issues. These include the Brexit process between the United Kingdom and the European Union, and innovations in international trade and investment law.