Michael C. Horowitz is Richard Perry Professor and the director of Perry World House at the University of Pennsylvania. Michael is the author of The Diffusion of Military Power: Causes and Consequences for International Politics, and the co-author of Why Leaders Fight. He won the 2017 Karl Deutsch Award given by the International Studies Association for early career contributions to the fields of international relations and peace research. His research interests include the intersection of emerging technologies such as AI and robotics with global politics, military innovation, the role of leaders in international politics and geopolitical forecasting methodology. Michael previously worked for the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in the US Department of Defense. He is affiliated with the Center for a New American Security, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the Foreign Policy Research Institute. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He received his Ph.D. in government from Harvard University and his B.A. in political science from Emory University. You can find him on Twitter @mchorowitz.