Monica Baumgarten de Bolle is a macroeconomist, partner and managing director of Galanto Consultants, and a director of the Institute for Economic Policy Studies (Instituto de Estudos de Política Econômica/Casa das Garças), an independent think tank based in Rio de Janeiro formed by former Brazilian policy makers, including Edmar Bacha, Arminio Fraga and former Finance Minister Pedro Malan. 

Monica is also a professor of macroeconomics at the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio). She was the head of International Macroeconomic Research at Banco BBM between 2005 and 2006. Between 2000 and 2005 she was an economist at the International Monetary Fund in Washington, DC, with active participation in many emerging market financial crises, including the sovereign debt restructurings of Uruguay and Argentina. 

Ms. de Bolle holds a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics (2001) and has co-authored a book on international financial regulation with Dionisio Dias Carneiro (2010) and on Brazilian policy dilemmas after the financial crises (2011) and the future of Brazilian industry (forthcoming) with Edmar Bacha. She writes weekly for O Globo and monthly for O Estado de São Paulo, two major Brazilian newspapers. Monica is also a regular contributor to the Economist Intelligence Unit’s country reports on Brazil.

to cigi