Addressing climate change and fostering a low-carbon energy economy requires tackling problems simultaneously from legal, economic and security perspectives. CIGI’s research brings new ideas and concrete proposals for financing sustainable development, promoting conservation and growth in the blue economy, implementing carbon pricing mechanisms, Arctic governance, and incorporating human rights and engaging Indigenous peoples in climate strategy and action.

With the early entry into force of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, CIGI’s experts will continue research on the many international and domestic implementation governance challenges, including reporting and accounting, liability, loss and damage, clean technology transfer, mobilization of public and private climate financing and intersection of treaty regimes.

Canadian geese swimming in flooded no-parking zone

Flood Risk Management: What Is the Role Ahead for the Government of Canada?

Renewable Energy Projects for Sustainable Development

Renewable Energy Projects for Sustainable Development: Financing Options and Policy Alternatives

Prairies showing wind turbines

Economic Opportunities from a Changing Climate



Photo of Timiebi Aganaba-Jeanty

Timiebi Aganaba-Jeanty

Post-Doctoral Fellow, International Law Research Program

Timiebi Aganaba-Jeanty is a post-doctoral fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program. While at CIGI, her research will examine the governance structures addressing global commons environmental issues, with a special emphasis on geoengineering.

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Bassem Awad

Deputy Director, International Intellectual Property Law and Innovation

Bassem Awad is deputy director of international intellectual property law and innovation, with CIGI's International Law Research Program. In this role, he provides strategic guidance of the thematic area. A specialist in intellectual property law, he has served as a judge at the Appeal Court in Egypt and the United Arab Emirates and as adjunct professor at Western University.

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Céline Bak

CIGI Senior Fellow

Céline Bak is a CIGI senior fellow with CIGI’s Global Economy Program, effective July 1, 2015. At CIGI, she is currently investigating economic reporting of environmental goods. Céline is a nationally recognized expert on Canadian clean technology companies and the industry’s ecosystem. Through her role as president of Analytica Advisors, Céline provides strategic vision for clean technology industry leaders.

Photo of Joël Blit

Joël Blit

CIGI Senior Fellow

Joël Blit is a CIGI senior fellow researching the topic of innovation, including exploring intellectual property rights, closing Canada’s innovation gap, and the link between Canadian immigration and innovation. Joël is assistant professor of economics at the University of Waterloo, with expertise in the economics of innovation, technology clusters, intellectual property, entrepreneurship, international trade and multinational corporations. 

John Borrows

John Borrows

CIGI Senior Fellow

John Borrows is a senior fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program (ILRP). In this role, John will provide guidance and help shape the program’s international indigenous law research. He is also the Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Law at the University of Victoria Law School and the Nexen Chair in Indigenous Leadership at the Banff Centre.

John is a recipient an Aboriginal Achievement Award in Law and Justice, a fellow of the Trudeau Foundation, and a fellow of the Academy of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (RSC), Canada’s highest academic honour, and a 2012 recipient of the Indigenous Peoples Counsel (IPC) from the Indigenous Bar Association, for honour and integrity in service to indigenous communities. John is Anishinabe/Ojibway and a member of the Chippewas of the Nawash First Nation in Ontario, Canada.

Photo of Sarah Burch

Sarah Burch

CIGI Senior Fellow

Sarah Burch is a senior fellow with CIGI’s Global Economy Program, where she is contributing to research on financing sustainable development, focused on the exploration of innovative solutions to address challenges associated with climate change and sustainability. Sarah is a Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Sustainability Governance and Innovation, and assistant professor in the Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, Canada.

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Wil Burns

CIGI Senior Fellow

Wil Burns is a CIGI senior fellow with the International Law Research Program, effective July 2015. Until recently, he served as director of the Energy Policy & Climate Program at Johns Hopkins University, and now serves as co-director of the Forum for Climate Engineering Assessment, a scholarly initiative of the School of International Service at American University in Washington, DC.

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Barry Carin

CIGI Senior Fellow

Barry Carin is a CIGI Senior Fellow. He has served in a number of senior official positions in the Government of Canada and played an instrumental role in developing the initial arguments for the G20 and a leader’s level G20. Barry brings institutional knowledge and experience to his research at CIGI on the G20, international development, energy and climate change.

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Ana Cristina Carvalho

CIGI Post-Doctoral Fellow

Ana Cristina Carvalho is a post-doctoral fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program. At CIGI, she will undertake advanced interdisciplinary research on both environmental law and intellectual property law. Prior to joining CIGI, Ana Cristina worked as an attorney and was a professor at Mackenzie Presbyterian University in Brazil.

Photo of Bernard Colas

Bernard Colas

CIGI Senior Fellow

Bernard Colas is a senior fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program (ILRP), effective August 2016. He is also a partner at CMKZ — Colas Moreira Kazandjian Zikovsky, an international trade and business law firm based in Montreal. 



What Trump means to Canadian oil and manufacturing

Without the return to triple digit oil prices, economics will either stand in the way of new pipelines being built or strand them if they are constructed, leaving the country in search for other opportunities for growth.