Addressing climate change and fostering a low-carbon energy economy requires tackling problems simultaneously from legal, economic and security perspectives. CIGI’s research brings new ideas and concrete proposals for financing sustainable development, promoting conservation and growth in the blue economy, implementing carbon pricing mechanisms, Arctic governance, and incorporating human rights and engaging Indigenous peoples in climate strategy and action.

With the early entry into force of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, CIGI’s experts will continue research on the many international and domestic implementation governance challenges, including reporting and accounting, liability, loss and damage, clean technology transfer, mobilization of public and private climate financing and intersection of treaty regimes.

Canadian geese swimming in flooded no-parking zone

Flood Risk Management: What Is the Role Ahead for the Government of Canada?

Renewable Energy Projects for Sustainable Development

Renewable Energy Projects for Sustainable Development: Financing Options and Policy Alternatives

Prairies showing wind turbines

Economic Opportunities from a Changing Climate



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Bianca Jagger

CIGI Senior Fellow

Bianca Jagger is a CIGI senior fellow with the International Law Research Program. She is an expert and advocate for human rights, civil liberties, peace, social justice and environmental protection. An acclaimed advocate, Bianca is founder, president and chief executive of the Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation and is Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador.

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Silvia Maciunas

Deputy Director, Environmental Law, International Law Research Program

Silvia Maciunas is the deputy director of international environmental law, with CIGI's International Law Research Program. In this role, Silvia provides strategic guidance, operations coordination and management of the thematic area. Previously, she was a CIGI senior research fellow from July 2016 to February 2017.

Joshua Nichols


Joshua Nichols is a fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program (ILRP), effective December 2016. In this role, Joshua will explore the potential implications of UNDRIP’s implementation for constitutional law.

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John Odell

CIGI Senior Fellow

CIGI Senior Fellow John Odell is an expert in international negotiation and trade policy. Professor emeritus of international relations at the University of Southern California, he leads a CIGI Global Security & Politics project on Political Obstacles to International Agreements on Climate Change.

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Maria Panezi

CIGI Post-Doctoral Fellow

Maria Panezi is a post-doctoral fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program. She holds a Ph.D. in law from Osgoode Hall Law School at York University, where she wrote her dissertation on transparency in the World Trade Organization.

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Jeff Rubin

CIGI Senior Fellow

Jeff Rubin is a CIGI senior fellow, effective November 5, 2015. A Canadian economist and author, Jeff is a world-leading energy expert and former chief economist at CIBC World Markets. At CIGI, he is currently researching Trump's impact on Canadian economy.

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David Runnalls

CIGI Distinguished Fellow

David Runnalls is a distinguished fellow and was formerly acting director of the Environment and Energy Program at CIGI. He also provided strategic advice and support for CIGI Chair Jim Balsillie’s role at the United Nations High-level Panel on Global Sustainability. He remains a distinguished fellow at the International Institute for Sustainable Development and a senior fellow at Sustainable Prosperity. David is chair of the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.

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Cyrus Rustomjee

CIGI Senior Fellow

Cyrus Rustomjee is a senior fellow with CIGI’s Global Economy Program, where he focuses on the blue economy. Currently a managing director at Cetaworld Ltd., an independent consulting practice, Rustomjee has also served in key positions at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Commonwealth of Nations, the G20 and the government of his native South Africa.

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Risa Schwartz

CIGI Senior Research Fellow, International Law Research Program

Risa Schwartz is a senior research fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program. In this role, Risa will examine whether international environmental agreements have the potential to trigger the duty to consult and accommodate with Aboriginal people and what this would mean for policy makers in Canada and beyond. Prior to joining CIGI, Risa was counsel to the Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs in Ontario.

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Sara Seck

CIGI Senior Fellow

Sara Seck is a CIGI senior fellow with the International Law Research Program, effective May 2015. She is an associate professor in the Faculty of Law at Western University. At CIGI, she researches the implementation of business responsibility for human rights with regard to climate change.