The fallout from the 2008 global economic crisis continues to redefine international trade and financing arrangements. CIGI monitors issues of financial governance and securities regulation, tracks the response of central banks and examines improvements to frameworks to manage severe sovereign debt crises.

CIGI follows the rise of China on the global economic stage, the intersection of human rights and business and examines issues of relevancy and reform of investor-state arbitration. CIGI research considers how economic fora can contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through greater inclusiveness, transparency and interagency collaboration.

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Experts

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Patrícia Galvão Ferreira

Fellow

Patrícia Galvão Ferreira is a post-doctoral fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program. While at CIGI, she will research the evolution of transnational regulatory initiatives to address climate change and examine how Canada can contribute to promote compliance among emerging economies with large emissions.

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David A. Gantz

CIGI Senior Fellow

David A. Gantz is a CIGI senior fellow who contributes to projects relating to contemporary trade and investment legal and policy issues. These include the Brexit process between the United Kingdom and the European Union, and innovations in international trade and investment law.

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Markus Gehring

CIGI Senior Fellow

Markus Gehring is a CIGI senior fellow focusing on international economic law, trade and climate change, as well as trade, investment and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). He is also the Arthur Watts Senior Research Fellow in Public International Law with the British Institute of International and Comparative Law and a fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge.

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Patricia Goff

CIGI Senior Fellow

Patricia Goff is a CIGI senior fellow. She is also an associate professor of political science at Wilfrid Laurier University and the Balsillie School of International Affairs. She specializes in international political economy, with a particular interest in trade, intellectual property and the cultural capacity of international organizations. At CIGI, Patricia’s research focuses on global, plurilateral and regional trade arrangements.

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Martin Guzman

CIGI Senior Fellow

Martin Guzman is a CIGI senior fellow. He contributes to research on sovereign debt restructuring, specifically investigating the sovereign debt crises in Argentina and Greece. Martin is a Research Associate at the Department of Economics and Finance at Columbia University Business School, and associate professor at the University of Buenos Aires.

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James A. Haley

CIGI Senior Fellow

James A. Haley is a senior fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation and a Canada Institute global fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars in Washington, DC.

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Alex He

CIGI Research Fellow, Global Economy

Xingqiang (Alex) He is a CIGI research fellow. His work focuses on China and global economic governance, the G20, domestic politics in China and their role in China's foreign economic policy making, and Canada-China economic relations.

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John Higginbotham

CIGI Senior Fellow

John Higginbotham is a senior fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo and the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University in Ottawa. John’s research focuses on Arctic economic and governance development and international relations, Canada’s ties with the United States and China in global context and North American Arctic marine transportation as the Arctic Ocean melts.

Bernard Hoekman

Bernard Hoekman

CIGI Senior Fellow

Bernard M. Hoekman is a CIGI senior research fellow. Bernard is also a Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) research fellow, where he co-directs the Trade Policy Research Network; a visiting professor at the School for Business, Management and Economics, University of Sussex; a senior associate of the Economic Research Forum for the Arab countries, Turkey and Iran; and a member of the World Economic Forum Global Future Council on International Trade and Investment

Valerie Hughes

Valerie Hughes

Senior Fellow

Valerie Hughes is a CIGI senior fellow and an adjunct assistant professor of law at Queen’s University. An expert in international trade law and international dispute settlement, she served as director of the Legal Affairs Division of the World Trade Organization (WTO) from 2010 to 2016 and as director of the WTO Appellate Body Secretariat from 2001 to 2005. Valerie also spent 22 years with the Government of Canada, and litigated before international courts and tribunals on trade law, investment law, and law of the sea matters.

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