SSR Issue Papers

About the series

Authored by prominent practitioners in the field, policy makers, academics and informed observers, the SSR Issue Papers series combines analysis of current problems and challenges, and examines thematic and geographic topics relating to the most pressing SSR issues.

In the Series

The paper analyzes the current state of the private security industry in Haiti and the legal framework under which it operates, and makes recommendations for how a reformed legal and regulatory regime can guide the next phase of its development, based on interviews with owners and agents of private security companies, industry associations, senior Haitian police personnel, United Nations (UN) planners and parliamentary leaders.
The US Navy SEAL raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound on May 2, 2011 brought into question the Pakistani army’s domination over nearly all aspects of the state. Pakistanis wondered how these events could have occurred right under the nose of the military. This issue paper examines the prospects for security sector governance in Pakistan and identifies the reforms necessary for the government to make meaningful strides in this area. The paper examines persistent shortcomings in security governance; however, it also highlights key areas where there have been recent improvements, including disaster management and control of nuclear arms.
International organizations and major aid donors have increasingly become more involved in the efforts to reform the security and justice institutions in developing countries over the past 20 years. This SSR Issue Paper focuses on the size of external support for SSR activities, showing that agencies often discuss the effectiveness of SSR programming without the benefit of a comprehensive system for tracking SSR assistance. It examines the information that is often used to demonstrate how international support for SSR has increased — and discusses why such data is both incomplete and faulty given the context of how it is collected.

Over 5,000 human rights complaints have been filed against the military during President Felipe Calderón’s administration, but only one soldier has been punished by the military justice system. Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled on July 12, 2011 that the military should not have jurisdiction over cases of human rights abuse by soldiers. The third in a series of issue papers on current security sector reform issues, this paper discusses proposed reform to the Code of Military Justice necessary to ensure that all human rights violations are tried in civilian courts.
The second in a series of issue papers on current security sector reform (SSR) issues, this paper examines the troubled history of the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs) in Sudan and makes recommendations for those involved in the redeployment of the units following the outcome of the January 2011 referendum.