The Innovation and Trade research theme aims to provide a better understanding of the role of innovation in driving productivity performance and the potential impact of the intellectual property provisions in trade agreements in facilitating or hindering productivity growth. As attention has shifted from the removal of trade barriers, such as tariffs and other import charges, toward establishing a global intellectual property framework, the structure of these new agreements will be critical in determining whether businesses in open mid-sized advanced economies, such as Canada, can remain competitive in the global economy. This research theme aims to contribute to the discussion on how to create a policy environment that can allow Canada’s innovation sector to thrive.