James M. Boughton is a CIGI senior fellow. He is a former historian of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), a role he held from 1992 to 2012. From 2001 to 2010, he also served as assistant director in the Strategy, Policy, and Review Department at the IMF. At CIGI, James’s research focuses on the evolution of Canada’s role in international governance since the 1940s and the potential for further evolution in the near future.
Xingqiang (Alex) He is a CIGI research fellow. His work focuses on China and global economic governance, the G20, domestic politics in China and their role in China's foreign economic policy making, and Canada-China economic relations.
Paul Jenkins is a CIGI distinguished fellow. He provides strategic advice to CIGI, including activities related to CIGI’s partnership with the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET) and broader macroeconomic issues. His own research focuses on international policy coordination and financial stability, with a particular interest in the G20. From 2003 to 2010, he served as senior deputy governor of the Bank of Canada.
Malcolm D. Knight is a CIGI Distinguished Fellow. He is also deputy chair of the board of directors of Payments Canada, visiting professor of finance at the London School of Economics and a director of the Global Risk Institute in Financial Services.
Patrick Leblond is a CIGI senior fellow. He is an expert in global economic governance and international political economy, regional economic integration, financial regulation, and business and public policy. At CIGI, Patrick specializes in the investigation of international trade in the areas of Canada’s trade and economic agreements as well as its involvement in the multilateral system.
CIGI Senior Fellow Gregory Makoff is currently researching issues in international financial policy, including the management of sovereign debt crises. As an expert in sovereign debt and an experienced debt capital markets professional, Mr. Makoff’s transaction advisory experience will inform his work with CIGI on sovereign debt.