CIGI Papers present well-considered policy positions and/or research findings, insights or data relevant to policy debates and decision making. This category includes papers linked to particular projects or topic areas.
March 5, 2014
CIGI Paper No. 26
The most recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is unequivocal about the magnitude of the challenge posed by man-made climate change. If the world is to avoid exceeding the 2°C average increase in temperature agreed by governments in Copenhagen as the maximum safe level, it needs to move quickly to facilitate the transition to a lower-carbon economy.
Reforming the International Monetary System in the 1970s and 2000s: Would an SDR Substitution Account Have Worked?
February 11, 2014
Paper No. 9
This paper analyzes the discussion of a substitution account in the 1970s and how the account might have performed had it been agreed in 1980. The substitution account would have allowed central banks to diversify away from the dollar into the IMF’s Special Drawing Right, comprised of US dollar, Deutschmark, French franc (later euro), Japanese yen and British pound, through transactions conducted off the market.
February 4, 2014
CIGI Paper No. 25
Gang-driven violence in the urban slums of Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, has been a preoccupation of international peace-building efforts for the past decade, yet continues to pose a serious threat to peace and stability in the country. These communities have, in recent years, been the site of an ongoing series of experiments, involving a range of different actors, aimed at reclaiming them from armed gangs; however, the isolated and fragmented nature of these interventions has reduced their cumulative impact.
January 30, 2014
CIGI Paper No. 24
The Equator Principles (EPs) are codes of conduct for project finance on the sustainability impacts of a project and on the risk assessment procedures of financial institutions that have adopted the principles — Equator Principles Financial Institutions (EPFIs). The EPs were launched 10 years ago and have undergone three revisions, while the EPFIs have increased from 10 to 78 members in 2013.
Promoting the International Use of Emerging Country Currencies: The Case of Local Currency Debt Issuance for Latin America and the Caribbean
January 24, 2014
Paper No. 8
This paper focusses on the use of a currency to denominate liabilities such as loans or bonds — more precisely, the value of being able to issue debt externally in one’s own local currency. It considers, in particular, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, arguing that global currency markets remain dominated by the US dollar and a very few other global currencies.
January 24, 2014
CIGI Paper No. 22
Diplomatic relations between Canada and Australia have existed for almost 75 years. The two countries share a colonial past with the British Empire and have similar political structures, and their militaries have been in the same locations on a number of occasions, most recently in Afghanistan. This paper explores the issue of whether or not there are opportunities for Canada and Australia to cooperate in the areas of defence procurement and the defence industrial base.
January 27, 2014
CIGI Paper No. 23
The recent agreement between Kosovo and Serbia is a significant accomplishment for the European Union. Still, the agreement marks the beginning, rather than the end, of a long-term process of normalizing relations between Serbia and Kosovo.
Getting Treatment and Care to the Last Mile: Analyzing the Health Surveillance Assistant Cadre in Malawi
January 21, 2014
Africa Initiative Discussion Paper No. 10
As low- and middle-income countries face continued shortages of human resources for health and the double burden of infectious and chronic diseases, there is renewed international interest in the potential for community health workers (CHWs) to take on a growing role in strengthening health systems. Health surveillance assistants (HSAs) — as the CHW cadre in Zomba District, Malawi is known — play a vital role by connecting the community with the formal health care sector.
December 9, 2013
East Asia-Arctic Relations Paper No. 6
Contrary to popular belief — and contrary to the views of many politicians and scholars — the Arctic is completely uninteresting geopolitically from a traditional national security perspective.
December 9, 2013
East Asia-Arctic Relations Paper No. 5
This paper examines Canadian perceptions of East Asia’s Arctic interests. Whereas some commentaries conceptualize Asian states, particularly China, as potential threats to Canada’s interests in the Arctic, the basis for this alarmist rhetoric (apart from more generalized discourses associated with the “rise of Asia”) is speculative and imprecise.