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When the Rwandan genocide came to an end in July 1994, the country’s schools were in a shambles.
Three thousand teachers had been killed or forced to flee and two-thirds of the 1,836 schools were damaged (many had been sites of massacres). The Ministry of Education itself was a scene of devastation, hit by shells and trashed by looters, who broke windows, doors and furniture. Meanwhile, more than one million children had been orphaned.
Since then, more than US$1-billion in foreign aid has been pumped into Rwanda’s education system, says the UN’s Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization. Today, the country has the...