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Reform is needed to boost investor confidence and bring back higher levels of FDI

Bessma Momani has a PhD in political science with a focus on international political economy. She is an associate professor at the Balsillie School of International Affairs at the University of Waterloo and authored the book IMF-Egyptian Debt Negotiations.

Momani highlighted three key areas investors view as intersecting with politics: confidence, perception and reform.


“Confidence is a vital characteristic [which] investors always require,” Momani stated.  "One-hundred years ago, investors did not rely so much on confidence; however, now that globalisation is advancing, international markets are meticulously studied,...

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