On this Remembrance Day, I am remembering one Canadian peacekeeper in particular — someone the Harper government probably prefers to forget.

Major Paeta Hess von Kruedener was killed (along with three other UN observers) by the Israelis in the 2006 Israel-Lebanon war. Then-United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan characterized the attack as “deliberate targeting by Israeli Defence Forces.”

The UN, from senior executives in New York down to the UN forces on the ground, had warned the Israelis repeatedly that day (a dozen times, I was told by UN officials) that their artillery fire was endangering UN officers.

The Israelis ended up dropping a bomb on the UN position, killing all four observers. On February 6, 2008, following a Department of Defence Board of Inquiry (BOI), Cynthia, the wife of Major Hess von Kruedener, issued a statement:

… the Israeli Defence Force has clearly accepted responsibility for the incident that killed my husband and his colleagues.

Just so we’re clear, “the incident” refers to the 500 lb, precision-guided bomb that was dropped on the UN bunker containing my husband and his fellow Peace Keepers, who were unarmed and serving the world community in the pursuit of peace.

The Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) have attributed the targeting and subsequent attack to an operational error, but offer no explanation of how that error occurred.

… the IDF acknowledges receiving multiple protests regarding their artillery rounds hitting the post. They even acknowledge communication from the UN Force Commander stating: “You are killing my people” — and yet, the IDF fail to explain why the subsequent J-DAM Bomb was NOT halted.

If six hours of artillery shelling was an operational error — and bombing a UN bunker was an operational error — what are the odds that two operational errors (land and air) occurred within an hour of each other and in the same place? Keep in mind that the UN Patrol Base was a solitary structure, not surrounded by any other buildings, painted white, marked ‘UN’ in big, black letters, flying a UN flag, well mapped and located in exactly the same place for more than 30 years.

This, and many other questions, will never be answered unless, and until, the IDF reveals the complete findings of its own internal investigation.

The Israelis apparently never did reveal their full findings — and Prime Minister Stephen Harper blamed the UN.

The full report of the Board of Inquiry was quietly removed from the Department of National Defence website. What is left there is a news release that quotes then-Chief of the Defence Staff Rick Hillier calling the incident “a tragic accident” — a description that Mrs. Hess von Kruedener’s statement flatly rejects, as do the politically inconvenient facts.

Mrs. Hess von Kruedener appealed to Parliament to “debate the findings of the Board of Inquiry, and through our Foreign Minister, take this issue to the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly.” She urged Members of Parliament to “make the safety of peacekeepers a priority.”

To our collective shame, nothing was done.

The Harper government seems content to let this particular sacrifice disappear in the mists of time. Lest we remember.


The opinions expressed in this article/multimedia are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of CIGI or its Board of Directors.
  • With a distinguished career in Canadian diplomacy — including posts as ambassador to Germany, permanent representative to the United Nations (UN) and adviser to various prime ministers, Paul Heinbecker is one of Canada’s most experienced commentators on foreign policy and international governance. Paul is also the director of the Centre for Global Relations at Wilfrid Laurier University.