This year marks the 70th anniversary of the famous 1944 Bretton Woods conference that endorsed a new multilateral framework for postwar international economic relations, including the creation of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. China's growing influence in the world economy is raising many questions about the future of the multilateral principles and institutions that were created under US leadership at Bretton Woods. Will Chinese authorities support the Bretton Woods system, or will they seek to reform or even challenge it in significant ways? Are we already witnessing developments that lend support to any of these predictions? What factors drive Chinese policymaking in this area? In order to shed some light on these questions, this panel brings together four scholars to reflect on China's relationship with the Bretton Woods system in the past, present and future.
Xingqiang (“Alex”) He is a CIGI research fellow. He is a research fellow and associate professor at the Institute of American Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS). His academic interests focus on domestic politics, with an emphasis on interest group politics in the U.S., China-U.S relations. He also studies interest groups in China and their roles in China's foreign economic policy making, China and the G20, China and global economic governance.
Bessma Momani is a senior fellow, joining CIGI in 2004. She has a Ph.D. in political science with a focus on international political economy, and is professor at the Balsillie School of International Affairs and the University of Waterloo. She is a 2015 fellow of the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation, nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Doha Center and a Fulbright Scholar.
Hongying Wang (王红缨）is a CIGI Senior Fellow. She is also associate professor of political science at the University of Waterloo, specializing in international political economy and East Asian politics. At CIGI, Hongying is focusing on the limits of the exchange rate mechanism in addressing China’s role in global imbalances and China’s role in several areas of global economic governance.