Achieving the economic empowerment of women through their inclusion in local, national and international trade is a fundamental challenge for the global trading system.
At the December 2017 World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires (MC11), 121 WTO members joined forces to sign the Declaration on Trade and Women’s Economic Empowerment. Canada and Chile had recently included a gender chapter in the recent Free Trade Agreement signed between the two countries, as did Uruguay and Chile in their trade agreement, and a similar proposal is under consideration for the renegotiated North American Free Trade Agreement. These are steps in the right direction but there is much more to do.
The International Law Research Program at the Centre for International Governance Innovation has launched a series of commentaries written on a variety of topics of trade and gender, to be used to stimulate and inspire international discussion and action. The commentaries will be published on-line in April as a series and reproduced in paper form as a special report for distribution at upcoming international roundtables and meetings.
CIGI hosts a conference entitled “Reshaping Trade Through Women’s Economic Empowerment” in Geneva on April 20, 2018.
Arancha González is the executive director of the International Trade Centre. An expert in international trade and development, González has previously held leading positions at the World Trade Organization and the European Commission. In 2015, she launched the “SheTrades” initiative, seeking to connect one million women entrepreneurs to markets by 2020.
Julia Seiermann is an economist in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Trade Analysis Branch, where she works on international trade, trade policy and their links to different aspects of sustainable development. Most recently, she has conducted research on the text-as-data analysis of trade agreements and on least-developed countries’ exports and developed a diagnostic framework for trade policy and employment that includes a gender dimension. Previously, Julia has worked on capacity-building activities for researchers from developing countries at UNCTAD’s Virtual Institute and on field research on financial inclusion in rural India at the Centre for Finance and Development at the Graduate Institute. She is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in development economics at the Graduate Institute.
Maria Panezi is a research fellow with CIGI’s International Law Research Program. She holds a Ph.D. in law from Osgoode Hall Law School at York University, where she wrote her dissertation on transparency in the World Trade Organization.
Simonetta Zarrilli is chief of the Trade, Gender and Development Programme of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the organization’s Gender Focal Point. Under her guidance, the program provides analytical and policy support to UNCTAD member countries on the gender implications of trade policy and trains academics, policy makers and civil society representatives on trade, gender and development issues.
An experienced trade analyst with a long and successful career at the United Nations, Simonetta was assigned to lead UNCTAD’s work on trade and gender in 2010. Since then, she has carried out numerous analytical, intergovernmental and technical cooperation activities on this issue, and has produced and coordinated many publications, including country and regional studies, official UN documents and commentaries.
Stephanie is a trade policy consultant, associate director of the New Zealand International Business Forum and a policy adviser to the New Zealand members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Advisory Council. She is also co-founder of a business offering executive education in trade policy.
Stephen de Boer joined Global Affairs Canada in 2005 and has held various positions in the department, including in the Investment Trade Policy and North America Trade Policy Divisions.
Susana Malcorra was Argentina’s minister of foreign affairs and worship until July 2017. After her resignation as foreign minister, she became minister advisor to the president until December 2017, presiding over the eleventh WTO Ministerial Conference held in Buenos Aires.
Valerie Hughes is a CIGI senior fellow and an adjunct assistant professor of law at Queen’s University. An expert in international trade law and international dispute settlement, she served as director of the Legal Affairs Division of the World Trade Organization (WTO) from 2010 to 2016 and as director of the WTO Appellate Body Secretariat from 2001 to 2005. Valerie also spent 22 years with the Government of Canada, and litigated before international courts and tribunals on trade law, investment law, and law of the sea matters.