In recent years, the Canadian government has affirmed its desire to strengthen its engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean, but has not provided many details on the specific strategies to do so. A stable, safe, democratic and prosperous hemispheric neighborhood in is Canada’s own interests; it provides, among other things, a positive business environment for Canadian firms and investors engaged in the region. However, given the modesty of the Canadian economic footprint in Latin America and the Caribbean overall, one can wonder what contributions Canadian economic foreign policy can make to achieve this goal.In this lecture, Chantal Blouin argues that we should build on Canada’s existing strengths in terms of economic engagement in the region and that the mining sector is one of this key area of strengths, where Canada matters to the region and the region matters to Canada. Blouin recommends positioning Canada as a leader in building capacity for better regulation and governance of the mining sector and on corporate social responsibility in LAC. Secondly, she recommends that Canada champions the establishment of a Hemispheric policy forum, a new space for economic policy sharing and learning on issue related to the extractive industries.This lecture is presented by CIGI and CIC.