Modernizing the World Trade Organization

A CIGI Essay Series
WTO banner image

Modernizing the World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is experiencing a crisis of legitimacy — trade wars rage on and the Appellate Body is unable to function. With negotiations at a standstill and disagreements on fundamental issues widening, the WTO is struggling to respond effectively to the challenges of rapid economic, political, social, technological and environmental change. Overcoming these urgent challenges will require a great deal of political will and international cooperation from member states. In this essay series — which is also published as a collection — authors examine where the WTO is falling short, consider the opportunities that lie ahead and discuss options for a modernized WTO.


Dispute Settlement

Inclusive Trade

Trade’s Intersections

Digital Trade

Development and Trade

Negotiating Strategies



Rohinton P. Medhora

Publications Editors
Susan Bubak, Lynn Schellenberg

Software Developers
Gabriel Tan-Chen, John Xu

Director, International Law (until February 2020)
Oonagh E. Fitzgerald

Graphic Designers
Sami Chouhdary, Brooklynn Schwartz

Social Media Engagement Specialist
Niyosha Freydooni

Managing Editor
Allison Leonard

Multimedia Producer
Stephen D'Alimonte

Communications Advisor
Kristy Smith

Senior Publications Editor
Jennifer Goyder

Abhilasha Dewan, Andrew Miller