As urbanization, depopulation and climate change continue to alter the face of the Arctic, so too is the definition of sustainability changing within the region. This week, Aileen Espíritu, Director of The Barents Institute, visits Inside the Issues to discuss the many complexities of Arctic sustainability. With resource and industry development continuing to have an economic and environmental impact on the Far North, to what degree are countries including and consulting indigenous populations? What options are there for sustainable growth? In addition to answering these questions, the discussion explores the governance role of the Arctic Council as a soft power, creating regional cooperation and working to solve shared problems.