This panel was presented as part of the "Investor State Arbitration between Developed Democracies: A Policy under Challenge" conference hosted by CIGI on Friday, September 15, 2015 in Ottawa, Ontario.

CHAIR: Stephen Clarkson


EU – August Reinisch (paper to be presented by Julie Maupin);
Germany – Marc Bungenberg (paper to be presented by Andreas Ziegler);
Eastern Europe – Csongor Nagy;
Spain – Carmen Otero García-Castrillón (paper to be presented by Armand de Mestral)

Investor-state arbitration (ISA), also known as Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS), by which a foreign investor is entitled to sue a state for damages resulting from the alleged violation of an applicable bilateral investment treaty or an investment chapter in a regional trade agreement, has come under scrutiny in many parts of the world.
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