John Bruce is a CIGI senior fellow and a cybersecurity expert. Prior to his retirement in September 2022, John was the general counsel for Field Effect Software Inc., a cybersecurity firm in Ottawa.
John spent more than two decades with the Canadian Department of Justice, serving as legal counsel and providing strategic policy advice for the Government of Canada’s conduct of cyber defence and active cyber operations.
John is an adjunct professor at Carleton University’s Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and a visiting professor at the University of Ottawa, where he teaches graduate courses in cybersecurity and cyber operations law and policy. His current areas of research include the legal and policy issues arising out of domestic and international cybersecurity initiatives and the application of international law to state behaviour in cyberspace.
John has an LL.B. and an LL.M. in law and technology, both from the University of Ottawa.