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CIGI Papers

CIGI Papers present well-considered policy positions and/or research findings, insights or data relevant to policy debates and decision making. This category includes papers linked to particular projects or topic areas.

Peeling NAFTA Layers: Twenty Years After

May 21, 2015
CIGI Papers No. 68
The 20-year anniversary of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has been seen as another milestone in the ongoing trade relations among Mexico, Canada and the United States. It offers a good opportunity to assess how the agreement has worked and to consider whether regional integration can be enhanced. There are many ways to evaluate NAFTA. This paper undertakes a stratified analysis, while considering each party’s perspective. Such an approach places NAFTA in its historical context while also looking forward, in order to reflect on whether a fuller integration can be achieved to assist the three parties in facing the significant global challenges of today.

Addressing the Impact of Data Location Regulation in Financial Services

May 22, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 14
James M. Kaplan and Kayvaun Rowshankish
Global financial institutions have leveraged the Internet to establish private communication networks and capture efficiencies from global technology. However, in recent years, many countries have issued data location rules restricting how corporations can handle and transmit their customers’ data across borders, including through these private networks. The implications of this new wave of data location regulation are particularly significant for banking.

Domestic Sources and RMB Internationalization: A Unique Journey to a Major Global Currency

May 12, 2015
CIGI Papers No. 67
This paper is based on literature reviews on the concept of an international currency and its economic and political determinants, as well as China’s motivation for renminbi (RMB) internationalization by both Chinese and foreign scholars.

Net Neutrality: Reflections on the Current Debate

May 6, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 13
Pablo Bello and Juan Jung
The debate over net neutrality began in the late 1990s in the United States. Since then, it has been gaining momentum in several fields, generating dichotomous positions between different sectors. As a contribution to the debate, this paper attempts to separate the unquestionable principles — such as the need to preserve the Internet as a space that is open to innovation, and the freedom of users to access content and services — from the dogmas and beliefs that are put forward in the name of neutrality, but which affect the sustainable development of the digital ecosystem.

Solving the International Internet Policy Coordination Problem

May 4, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 12
Nick Ashton-Hart
Just under 50 percent of humanity is currently online, and the impact the Internet will have on policy making, and vice versa, is only beginning to be felt. 

The IMF as Just One Creditor: Who's in Charge When a Country Can't Pay?

April 27, 2015
CIGI Papers No. 66
The international community's management of the 2010 financial crisis in Greece revealed a major gap in the international financial system. No single institution is any longer unambiguously in charge.

Development of Sustainability and Green Banking Regulations — Existing Codes and Practices

April 22, 2015
CIGI Paper No. 65
Adeboye Oyegunle and Olaf Weber
Interest in sustainable and green financial regulations has grown in recent years due in part to increasing climate-change risks for the financial sector alongside a need to integrate this sector into the green economy. This paper recalls sustainability’s course from fringe issue to central concern, and examines seven countries, all emerging and developing, where regulatory approaches have been implemented successfully.

Connected Choices: How the Internet is Challenging Sovereign Decisions

April 10, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 11
Modern societies are in the middle of a strategic, multi-dimensional competition for money, power and control over all aspects of the Internet and the Internet economy.

Sovereign Debt Restructuring: Issues Paper

April 9, 2015
CIGI Paper No. 64
This paper provides an overview of the main issues, debates and policy proposals that surround sovereign debt restructuring.

A Primer on Globally Harmonizing Internet Jurisdiction and Regulations

April 9, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 10
Michael Chertoff and Paul Rosenzweig
We stand on the cusp of a defining moment for the Internet, and existing trends, left unaddressed, might very well lead to the legal fracturing of the World Wide Web.
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