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CIGI Papers

Landmark EU and US Net Neutrality Decisions: How Might Pending Decisions Impact Internet Fragmentation?

July 30, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 18
Ben Scott, Stefan Heumann, and Jan-Peter Kleinhans
During the past decade, net neutrality has become a central issue in the debate over further development of the Internet. At a time when the United States has just adopted a landmark regulation on net neutrality and the European Union is in the final stages of defining its own position on net neutrality, this paper looks ahead and analyzes the implications of these decisions with a particular focus on their impact on Internet fragmentation.

The Emergence of Contention in Global Internet Governance

July 21, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 17
The emergence of contention in Internet governance entails a twofold shift in the nature of the problems posed by Internet governance: first, cooperation problems have emerged where few previously existed; and second, existing coordination problems have become increasingly difficult to manage as a result of a rapidly increasing number of players and heightened distributional consequences.

Global Cyberspace Is Safer than You Think: Real Trends in Cybercrime

July 10, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 16
What are the real trends in cybercrime? Recent media coverage has been rife with stories of large-scale data breaches, hacks and online financial crime. IT security firms publish yearly reports that generally show the security of cyberspace to be poor and often getting worse, but, as argued in this paper, the level of security in cyberspace is actually far better than the picture we’re given.

The Ideological Conflict Project: Theoretical and Methodological Foundations

July 9, 2015
CIGI Papers No. 74
Ideology is important to conflict. Shared beliefs create a sense of group identity, specify targets of hostility and enable coordinated action. Understanding ideology is key to effective conflict resolution and management. But, up to now, it has been poorly understood.

European Banking Union, Three Years On

June 11, 2015
CIGI Paper No. 73
Banking union involves the transfer of authority over banking policy from the national to the European level. This paper describes the rationale for banking union, four key pieces of legislation that constitute its legal foundation and two mechanism that form its key pillars.

Central Banks Can and Should Do Their Part in Funding Sustainability

June 10, 2015
Fixing Climate Governance Series Paper No. 1
Andrew Sheng
Central banks, when purchasing financial assets, should consider selecting assets that will promote sustainability, including climate change mitigation and adaptation. Central banks not yet ready to factor social objectives into their decisions should at least incentivize bankers and asset managers to invest in climate mitigation activities and low-emission growth, as well as support a financial transaction tax to fund a new or established global fund for climate mitigation.

The Environmental Goods Agreement: A Piece of the Puzzle

June 8, 2015
CIGI Papers No. 72
Can a trade agreement help achieve environmental goals? The answer to this question has traditionally been mixed, even skeptical. The Environmental Goods Agreement has the potential to produce a more positive outcome.

Conflict in Africa: Diagnosis and Response

June 1, 2015
CIGI Paper No. 71
Responding to violent conflict begins with a diagnosis of what the conflict is about — the causes and triggers that transform a disagreement into an armed struggle. Behind the immediate reasons, however, there are often assumptions about the enabling conditions that underlie the conflict, and these assumptions provide the framework for the diagnosis. This paper reviews three of the underlying assumptions about African conflicts, and the pitfalls of responding with remedies that may not capture the whole picture. CIGI’s newly launched African Regional Conflict Management project will seek to understand regional conflict management capacity, identify gaps and make recommendations to bridge those divides.

Cyber Security and Cyber Resilience in East Africa

May 29, 2015
GCIG Paper No. 15
Iginio Gagliardone and Nanjira Sambuli
This paper analyzes continuities and discontinuities of collective efforts toward enhanced cyber security in Eastern Africa, with a particular focus on Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia.

China’s Anti-dumping Problems and Mitigation through Regional Trade Agreements

May 26, 2015
CIGI Papers No. 70
Yanlin Sun and John Whalley
China has become the world’s largest economy affected by anti-dumping (AD) actions, and while the most effective way to improve AD disciplines is at the regional level, existing research does not deal with how a country can modify AD regimes through its regional trade agreements.
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