Intervention Without Intervening provides an in-depth examination of the evolution of OAS multilateral democracy promotion and the lessons its experience holds for other multilateral contexts. The book tackles the theoretical challenge of bridging the traditional divide between international relations and comparative politics. The authors stress the need for conceptual tools that allow scholars to consider the transnationalization of democratization processes, where previous emphasis was placed on domestic variables in regime change.

The growing role of the OAS, the Rio Group, foreign governments and international NGOs in democracy assistance underscores the transnational nature of current democratization trends. To overcome the dilemma of the inter-relation between internal and external factors, the authors present an "interactive" approach for better conceptual understandings multilateral democracy promotion.