Mitigating Global Fragmentation in Digital Trade Governance: A Case Study

CIGI Paper No. 270

January 10, 2023

Digital trade is growing rapidly, and regulators are trying to keep up. Concerns about privacy, consumer protection and national security demand regulatory attention, but too much regulation risks stifling digital trade. Current-generation trade agreements need to find the right balance between regulatory and liberal approaches to e-commerce. This paper looks at how five leading digital economies (Canada, the European Union, Japan, Singapore and the United States) are using regional trade agreements to address concerns while enhancing trade.

About the Author

Douglas Lippoldt is a CIGI senior fellow and an international trade economist based in Claremont, California.