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Despite being high-value targets, it is rare for ambassadors to be found in the thick of such cruel and brazen attacks like Monday’s on the Russian ambassador to Turkey. The murder of Andrei Karlov, caught on disturbing video and nearly live-tweeted, was a rare sight beamed across the globe, but Russian-Turkish relations have seen far worse in the past few years and the new bond between Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan will survive this.

One need not be a world historian to know that Russian-Turkish histories and animosities go back centuries, and millions have been killed in these empires’ crossfires....

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  • Bessma Momani

    Bessma Momani is a senior fellow, joining CIGI in 2004. She has a Ph.D. in political science with a focus on international political economy, and is professor at the Balsillie School of International Affairs and the University of Waterloo. She is a 2015 fellow of the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation, nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Doha Center and a Fulbright Scholar. 

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