Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), which include carbon dioxide and methane, are the leading factor behind temperature increases beyond safe levels for our planet. Since 1992, countries party to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change have been required to provide information on their GHG emissions levels. The Paris Agreement, which entered into force in 2016, seeks to develop a more robust common set of rules for reporting on emissions, and calls on all member nations to produce a climate plan, called a “nationally determined contribution” (NDC). Transparency in all aspects of the reporting process is crucial, so that stakeholders can be confident that emissions data can be trusted and properly analyzed. Learn more about how transparency can play a role in major international environmental agreements in this video featuring Silvia Maciunas, CIGI’s deputy director of international environmental law.