AI-Related Risk: The Merits of an ESG-Based Approach to Oversight

CIGI Paper No. 279

August 21, 2023

Artificial intelligence (AI) technology has been found to generate value for many firms; however, it also has unintended and undesirable consequences. The reality of AI-related risk has led to the development of AI governance frameworks and calls for greater oversight of the use of AI. The merits of an ESG (environmental, social, governance)-based approach to oversight of AI-related risk are considered in this paper, with a focus on the current trajectory of international sustainability standards development. Despite their differences, AI governance and ESG reporting both seek to address risk in the broadest sense, with proactive and transparent approaches to its management and mitigation. A preliminary set of recommendations for incorporating material AI-related risk into ESG reporting, covering both general or context-setting disclosures and industry-specific disclosures, is provided.

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About the Authors

Mardi Witzel is an associate with and is focused on ESG (environmental, social and corporate governance) and AI governance, and the special challenges facing high-growth firms.

Niraj Bhargava is the CEO and lead faculty at and an expert on artificial intelligence governance.