Borders and the New Geopolitics

Reimagining a Canadian National Security Strategy Report No. 7

November 22, 2021

This report details four domains in which border management policy will need to adjust in order to maintain the future security of Canadians: the role of border management in safeguarding health security against epidemic disease, the likely effects of climate change on Canadian border security, the opportunities and problems in border management arising from novel technologies, and the need to rethink Canadian border security to deal with the emergence of non-traditional threats and to reflect today’s geopolitical environment. There are numerous additional subjects that a border security policy review could tackle; however, those areas requiring policy attention due to the immediate and grave security challenges they pose to Canadians should be the focus. This report outlines the priorities that should be considered and tangible policy recommendations to address them.

This thematic report is part of the Reimagining a Canadian National Security Strategy project. A special report by the project’s co-directors analyzes Canada’s new national security outlook and proposes a security strategy for Canada.

About the Authors

Neil Desai is a CIGI senior fellow and an executive in residence with the Rogers Cybersecure Catalyst.

Cathy Munroe has more than 32 years of experience in the federal government of Canada, with more than 17 years as an executive in positions related to border management.