The second paper in a three-part series examines the decision-making process in China. The party-state dual model of governance is the basic institutional framework to understand how decisions are made and how the Chinese government operates. With its huge, highly institutionalized nationwide network that infiltrates into all institutions and organizations, the Communist Party of China tightly controls the administration, congress, judiciary, military, media, social organizations and all other entities in Chinese society. This paper guides the reader through the history of China's party-state dual model of governance and examines how this structure has engendered a unique and complex decision-making process at all levels, from the National Congress to village groups.  

Part of Series

CIGI Papers present in-depth analysis and discussion on governance-related subjects. They include policy papers that present CIGI experts' positions or contributions to policy debates, and background papers that contain research findings, insights and data that contribute to the development of policy positions.
  • Xingqiang (Alex) He is a CIGI research fellow. Alex is an expert on China and global economic governance, the Group of Twenty, domestic politics in China and their role in China’s foreign economic policy making, and Canada-China economic relations.