It is almost impossible to read the news without coming across a lead story cataloguing the latest cyber breach or misuse of data. Intellectual property is being stolen from companies at an alarming rate. Foreign actors are meddling in elections. Criminals use the dark recesses of the internet to sell drugs, guns and even people. The volume of these events lays bare the paradox of the digital economy and cyber security. On one hand, technology has led to convenience, efficiency and wealth creation. On the other hand, this great push to digitize society has meant building inherent vulnerability into the core of the economic model. This is all taking place atop a deeply fragmented and underdeveloped system of global rules. Given this paradox, the purpose behind this essay series on security in cyberspace, first published online in spring 2019, is threefold. First, it brings together an interdisciplinary team, including the private sector, academics and leading experts to provide creative ideas and fresh thinking in these emergent areas surrounding data governance, cyber security and new technology. Second, it aims to advance a public policy debate that recognizes that while cyber security threats are increasing in both number and sophistication, there is economic potential for Canadian firms to capitalize on a growing market. Third, it argues for the advancement of a more stable international institutional order. The international rules-based system in cyberspace is still in its infancy, and innovative thinking is needed to make sure that Canada can play a leadership role in crafting the governance architecture. 

 

  • A practising lawyer, Aaron Shull is CIGI’s managing director and general counsel. In addition to advising on a range of domestic legal and corporate matters, he has substantive expertise in international law, global security and internet governance.

  • Andre Boysen is the chief identity officer at SecureKey. Andre has led the pioneering privacy-engineering in his work at SecureKey in the evolution of its services, including the Verified.Me service, the SecureKey Concierge service and the BC Services Card. He consults with SecureKey’s public sector customers around the world on how to transform service delivery to offer citizens more choice, control and convenience while increasing business integrity and lowering costs. Recognized as a global leader on identity, privacy, digital transformation and blockchain, Andre is also a regular speaker, contributing author and media commentator. 

  • Bill Munson is director, research and policy analysis at Quantum-Safe Canada. He is a policy analyst who, prior to joining Quantum-Safe Canada, spent more than 20 years with the Information Technology Association of Canada (ITAC), where he established and ran the highly regarded ITAC Cyber Security Forum from 2000 to 2015.

  • Byron Holland is president and CEO of the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA), which manages the .ca top-level domain (TLD) on behalf of Canadians. Since joining in 2008, Byron established CIRA as a world-class, innovative registry. He is a respected leader in the global internet governance ecosystem, serving in a variety of leadership positions in the international internet governance and policy world, including within the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. Byron is also a recognized leader in the Canadian internet community, and is a frequent commenter on domestic internet policy and technical issues.

  • Christian Leuprecht (Ph.D., Queen’s) is Class of 1965 Professor in Leadership, Department of Political Science and Economics, Royal Military College (RMC). He is cross-appointed to the Department of Political Studies and the School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University, where he is affiliated with both the Queen’s Centre for International and Defence Policy and the Institute of Intergovernmental Relations. He is also adjunct research professor, Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security, Charles Sturt University. A recipient of RMC’s Cowan Prize for Excellence in Research and an elected member of the College of New Scholars of the Royal Society of Canada, Christian is also a Munk senior fellow in security and defence at the Macdonald-Laurier Institute. He has held visiting positions in North America (Bicentennial Chair in Canadian Studies, Yale University), Europe (Eisenhower Fellow, NATO Defense College) and Australia (Matthew Flinders Fellow, Flinders University), and is regularly called as an expert witness to testify before committees of Parliament. He holds appointments to the board of the German Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies and the Police Services Board of the city of Kingston.

  • Christopher S. Yoo is a CIGI senior fellow and the John H. Chestnut Professor of Law, Communication, and Computer Information Science and the founding director of the Center for Technology, Innovation and Competition at the University of Pennsylvania. 

  • David Lyon is director of the Surveillance Studies Centre, and professor of sociology and professor of law at Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario. Educated at the University of Bradford in the United Kingdom, David has been studying surveillance since the mid-1980s. Credited with spearheading the field of surveillance studies, he has produced a steady stream of books and articles that began with The Electronic Eye (1994) and continued with Surveillance Society (2001), Surveillance after September 11 (2003), Surveillance Studies (2007), Identifying Citizens (2009), Liquid Surveillance (with Zygmunt Bauman, 2013) and Surveillance after Snowden (2015). His most recent publication is The Culture of Surveillance (Polity, 2018) and he is currently working on Surveillance: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford).

  • David Mussington is a senior fellow at CIGI, and professor of the practice and director, Center for Public Policy and Private Enterprise, University of Maryland, College Park. 

  • Elizabeth F. Judge is professor of law and a member of the Centre for Law, Technology and Society at the Faculty of Law at the University of Ottawa, where she specializes in intersections of law, technology and policy. 

  • Eric Jardine is an assistant professor of political science at Virginia Tech and a fellow at CIGI. 

  • Matthew Spoke is the founder of the Aion Foundation, an open-source non-profit focused on building the underlying infrastructure required by developers to build censorship resistant, decentralized applications that put users first. He is also the founder and director of the Blockchain Technology Coalition of Canada, where he lends his time to help reduce regulatory uncertainty and protect consumers. Matthew is also on the board of directors of the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance. He has spent much of his career working towards the mainstream adoption
    of blockchain technology.

  • Melissa Hathaway is president of Hathaway Global Strategies LLC, where she brings a multidisciplinary and multi-institutional perspective to strategic consulting and strategy formulation for public and private sector clients. She served in two US presidential administrations, leading the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative for President George W. Bush and spearheading the Cyberspace Policy Review for President Barack Obama.

  • Michael Mason is the VP of product on the Aion Project, driving the product road map for public use of their open-source blockchain protocol. He has spent his career building technology products in fintech and gaming for companies such as Wave, The New York Times and Mattel.

  • Michael Pal is an associate professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Ottawa, where he is the director of the Public Law Group. He specializes in the comparative law of democracy and comparative constitutional law. He has advised governments at all levels on election and constitutional law.

  • Michele Mosca is an award-winning researcher in cryptography and quantum computing, and has initiated numerous multidisciplinary collaborations that helped create the quantum-safe opportunity for Canada. He started and grew the quantum computing effort at the University of Waterloo, eventually co-founding the Institute for Quantum Computing. Michele led the first Canadian research network in quantum computing and drove the establishment of the quantum computing graduate program at Waterloo and the Quantum Cryptography Summer School for Young Students for high-school students.

  • Neil Desai is an executive with Magnet Forensics, a Canadian technology company that develops digital forensics software for more than 4,000 police, national security and other public and private agencies with investigative authorities in 93 countries. He also serves as a fellow of the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at the University of Toronto and faculty at Singularity University.

  • Paul Vallée co-founded Pythian in 1997 and became CEO of the company in 2005. His passion and foresight for using data and technology to drive business success has helped Pythian become a high-growth global company, with more than 400 employees and offices in North America, Europe and Asia. Paul is a strong proponent of technical excellence as well as diversity in the workplace. Prior to founding Pythian, Paul worked as a data scientist and holds a bachelor of commerce degree in management information systems from the University of Ottawa. He was acknowledged as a “Top 40 under 40” in 2011 by the Ottawa Business Journal in recognition of Pythian’s growth to that time.

  • Robert (Bob) Fay is director of global economy at CIGI and is responsible for research direction and related activities. He has extensive experience in macro- and micro-economic research and policy analysis. 

  • Stephanie Carvin is an assistant professor of international relations at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University. She researches and teaches in the area of international and national security and critical infrastructure protection. Stephanie holds a Ph.D. in international relations from the London School of Economics. From 2012 to 2015, she was a national security analyst with the Government of Canada.

  • Tyson Macaulay is a veteran of the cyber security industry with over 25 years of technical and international management experience. As chief product officer at InfoSec Global (ISG), Tyson sets direction and strategy for all products, including full accountability for engineering and services, research and development, marketing, and customer satisfaction. Prior to joining ISG he worked for BAE Systems Applied Intelligence, supporting a global organization, and leading pre-sales engineering and consulting services in North America. 

  • As CEO and co-founder of Sightline Innovation, Wallace (Wally) Trenholm is the chief architect of the company’s corporate strategy and technology platform. Wallace is a seasoned entrepreneur with over 20 years of experience across multiple complex science and technology integration products and has a deep technical expertise in machine learning, distributed computing and network security.