One of the consequences of Southern Sudan’s vote for secession in January 2011 is the disbanding of the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs), a joint force formed as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which ended the civil war between the north and south. The JIUs, although considered dysfunctional and a risk to north-south stability, continue to play a part in maintaining security in Sudan, given their ongoing responsibilities in unstable border areas. This paper, the second in a series on current security sector reform (SSR) issues, examines the troubled history of the JIUs and makes recommendations for those involved in the redeployment of the units.

Authored by prominent practitioners in the field, policy makers, academics and informed observers, the SSR Issue Papers series combines analysis of current problems and challenges, and examines thematic and geographic topics relating to the most pressing SSR issues.