CIGI's Board of Directors provides oversight and governance of the organization's financial stability, executive leadership and overall strategy. It includes global policy experts who provide intellectual guidance to CIGI on the broad scope of its research activities. The board consists of a chair, a treasurer and other directors, one of whom is designated by the Government of Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and International Development.

CIGI's senior management implements the organization's strategic plan and directs all aspects of its research program and operational activities.