On August 16, after months of repeated threats by US President Donald Trump to withdraw from the 23-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the United States, Canada and Mexico began renegotiations with the goal of modernizing the trade deal and ensuring it reflects North America’s twenty-first-century economic reality.
To make sense of the complex, ongoing negotiations and what they might mean for different stakeholders and sectors, explore commentary and analysis from the Centre for International Governance Innovation’s experts and external contributors.
NAFTA and the Knowledge Economy
This series examines what the renegotiation of NAFTA means for the knowledge economy in Canada and for the people who turn ideas into innovations within one of the world’s largest free trade zones.
What the Endgame in NAFTA Talks Will Look Like
CIGI Senior Fellow Dan Ciuriak considers how the US team can deliver a political win for the White House and still preserve rules-based global trade.
Why It May Be Harder Than You Think to Do a NAFTA Deal
Ronald Orol, senior editor at The Deal, looks at how volatile variables, from the US job market to congressional battles of tax reform, will impact trade negotiations.
The View from Mexico on NAFTA: It's Complicated
Elites in Mexico have bet everything on NAFTA — but could there be life after the trade agreement? Journalist David Agren reports from Mexico, where he finds varying assessments of NAFTA’s impact over the last 23 years.
Why NAFTA Rules on Digital Trade Matter
Over the past three decades information flows and e-commerce have exploded — journalist Liz Enochs asks, how high are the stakes when it comes to defining digital trade?
How Has Canadian Manufacturing Fared under NAFTA? A Look at the Auto Assembly and Parts Industry
CIGI Senior Fellow Jeff Rubin asks, with the Trump administration serving notice that it will be renegotiating NAFTA and specifically targeting Mexico’s burgeoning assembly and parts industries, what are the best trade policy options for Canada’s largest manufacturing sector and exporter?
NAFTA 2.0 and Intellectual Property Rights: Insights on Developing Canada’s Knowledge Economy
This series brings together a community of scholars and practitioners to share, through a variety of contexts, some of the requirements of a modernized NAFTA Chapter 17.
Moving Toward a Trade and Indigenous Peoples’ Chapter in a Modernized NAFTA
Canada should continue to push for such a chapter on Indigenous peoples and trade in NAFTA, for both principled and pragmatic reasons, argues former CIGI Senior Research Fellow Risa Schwartz.
Modernizing NAFTA: A New Deal for the North American Economy in the Twenty-first Century
Regardless of the rhetoric coming from the Trump administration, argue CIGI Senior Fellow Patrick Leblond and the University of Calgary’s Judit Fabian, Canada should approach any NAFTA renegotiation with a “best case” agreement as its starting point.
Information Please: A Comprehensive Approach to Digital Trade Provisions in NAFTA 2.0
Canada should use NAFTA talks to ensure that trade rules designed to govern the data-driven economy maintain internet openness and stability while enhancing human welfare, argues CIGI Senior Fellow Susan Ariel Aaronson.
How Canada’s Auto Industry Is Vanishing under NAFTA
CIGI Senior Fellow Jeff Rubin examines the current economic state of the Canadian automotive industry, and offers options for how NAFTA renegotiations could benefit Canadian auto workers.
Why Trump Needs a NAFTA Win
With the 2018 US mid-term elections looming, CIGI Senior Fellow Patrick Leblond explains why, despite blustering rhetoric, Trump needs a NAFTA win.
NAFTA and the Fate of Labour Rights
The architects of the original NAFTA believed that newly empowered workers would organize and collectively bargain to gradually achieve higher wages and better work conditions. But what sounds good in theory has not always played out in reality, as CIGI Senior Fellow Susan Ariel Aaronson argues.
Why NAFTA 2.0 Needs Digital Trade — but Might Not Get It
Former CBC and BBC radio host Mary Ambrose sits down with Patrick Leblond, a senior fellow with CIGI, for a conversation about how e-commerce plays in to the NAFTA renegotiations.
NAFTA Negotiations: Rules of Origin
CIGI Senior Fellow Meredith Lilly discusses one of the United States’ key negotiating points: rules of origin. The United States is pushing for an 85 percent regional content requirement for automobiles as a way to bring back US manufacturing jobs, but Canada, Mexico and automakers are not on side with this proposal.